Functionally graded additive manufacturing for orthopedic applications

Rouf, S., Malik, A., Raina, A., Ul Haq, M.I., Naveed, N., Zolfagharian, A. and Bodaghi, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0707-944X, 2022. Functionally graded additive manufacturing for orthopedic applications. Journal of Orthopaedics, 33, pp. 70-80. ISSN 2589-9082

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Abstract

Background: Additive Manufacturing due to its benefits in developing parts with complex geometries and shapes, has evolved as an alternate manufacturing process to develop implants with desired properties. The structure of human bones being anisotropic in nature is biologically functionally graded i,e. The structure possesses different properties in different directions. Therefore, various orthopedic implants such as knee, hip and other bone plates, if functionally graded can perform better. In this context, the development of functionally graded (FG) parts for orthopedic application with tailored anisotropic properties has become easier through the use of additive manufacturing (AM).

Objectives: and Rationale: The current paper aims to study the various aspects of additively manufactured FG parts for orthopedic applications. It presents the details of various orthopedic implants such as knee, hip and other bone plates in a structured manner. A systematic literature review is conducted to study the various material and functional aspects of functionally graded parts for orthopedic applications. A section is also dedicated to discuss the mechanical properties of functionally graded parts.
Conclusion: The literature revealed that additive manufacturing can provide lot of opportunities for development of functionally graded orthopedic implants with improved properties and durability. Further, the effect of various FG parameters on the mechanical behavior of these implants needs to be studied in detail. Also, with the advent of various AM technologies, the functional grading can be achieved by various means e.g. density, porosity, microstructure, composition, etc. By varying the AM parameters. However, the current limitations of cost and material biocompatibility prevent the widespread exploitation of AM technologies for various orthopedic applications.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Orthopaedics
Creators: Rouf, S., Malik, A., Raina, A., Ul Haq, M.I., Naveed, N., Zolfagharian, A. and Bodaghi, M.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 2022
Volume: 33
ISSN: 2589-9082
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.jor.2022.06.013DOI
S0972978X22001490Publisher Item Identifier
1564268Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 11 Aug 2022 16:04
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2022 16:04
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/46863

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