A framework for earthquake assessment, re-construction and risk mitigation of buildings in historical settlements of Gujarat using advanced recording technologies

Devilat, B. ORCID: 0000-0002-2679-9629, Lanuza, F. ORCID: 0000-0002-6360-6865, Kanji, R. ORCID: 0000-0002-2712-2505, Desai, J. ORCID: 0000-0002-0909-8759, Mane, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-3169-7010, Pithawalla, Z. ORCID: 0000-0002-0024-2793, Singh, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-3873-7935 and Acharya, M., 2022. A framework for earthquake assessment, re-construction and risk mitigation of buildings in historical settlements of Gujarat using advanced recording technologies. Nottingham Trent University.

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Abstract

This document presents a framework that could improve the chances of a rapid post-disaster damage assessment and effective response in case of an earthquake, enhance the possibilities of reusing existing structures, and increase preparedness and resilience in local communities, leading to sustainable re-construction and recovery. It presents lessons from a pilot study of Bela in Kutch, Gujarat, using advanced recording technologies. The built environment of the historical area of that village was captured using 3D laser scanning—also known as LiDAR— in 5 days, resulting in an accurate and comprehensive digital data set in the form of a measurable 3D point cloud with precision of millimetres. This was combined with photographs, aerial drone capture, historical inquiry and social engagement through interviews with community members to create an enhanced digital model of Bela. This enables the digital documentation of heritage settlements and offers a platform for seismic risk assessment and the evaluation of the structural condition of buildings in a short period. This framework is structured through a strategic partnership between academia, governmental institutions and NGOs to inform actions in conserving at-risk built heritage. This involves planning and building local capacity, relevant for its potential scalability and applicability in other similar seismic-prone heritage settlements. By identifying key challenges in current legislations and policies regarding National Risk Disaster Management (DRM) and Heritage Management, this document proposes recommendations that could be relevant to inform the proposed framework's potential implementation.

Item Type: Research report for external body
Creators: Devilat, B., Lanuza, F., Kanji, R., Desai, J., Mane, M., Pithawalla, Z., Singh, A. and Acharya, M.
Contributors:
NameRoleNTU IDORCID
Devilat, B.EditorACH3DEVILBorcid.org/0000-0002-2679-9629
Lanuza, F.EditorACH3LANUZForcid.org/0000-0002-6360-6865
Kanji, R.EditorUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-2712-2505
Desai, J.EditorUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-0909-8759
Mane, M.EditorUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-3169-7010
Pithawalla, Z.EditorUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-0024-2793
Singh, A.EditorUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-3873-7935
Acharya, M.EditorUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Abdelmonem, G.Research team memberUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-8271-0924
Jigyasu, R.Research team memberUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-5785-6761
Sen, S.Research team memberUNSPECIFIEDorcid.org/0000-0002-2524-6694
Choudhari, T.Research team memberUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Publisher: Nottingham Trent University
Date: 2022
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.17631/rd-2022-0006-dframDOI
1617821Other
Divisions: Schools > School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment
Record created by: Richard Cross
Date Added: 25 Oct 2022 10:27
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2022 13:09
Related URLs:
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/47309

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