The Online Flow Questionnaire: an Item Response Theory examination

Stavropoulos, V., Footitt, T., Zarate, D., Prokofieva, M. and Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, 2022. The Online Flow Questionnaire: an Item Response Theory examination. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 25 (12), pp. 793-801. ISSN 2152-2715

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Online flow refers to the rate of an individual's absorbance in an Internet activity in which they are engaged. It has been implicated with both the effectiveness of cyberhealth and online education applications, as well as excessive Internet use. One way of assessing it is the Online Flow Questionnaire (OFQ). Consequently, this study investigated the optimum measurement of online flow, as well as OFQ cutoff points, using Item Response Theory (IRT). A large sample of high school students from Greece (N = 1579, Mage = 16.12, SDage = 0.85; 50.5 percent females) completed the OFQ and the data were analyzed using IRT procedures. The analysis indicated that items in the OFQ possess differing levels of discrimination and difficulty, although all items were generally within acceptable ranges. An OFQ cutoff score of 5 represented an extremely high level of online flow experiences. The findings suggest that the OFQ generally functions as an acceptable marker of overall online flow. However, the current format of the OFQ appears to inhibit its ability to detect variability at the extreme low and high ends of the latent trait in the population assessed. Future revisions (potentially employing computerized adaptive tests) of the OFQ response format may enhance its utility.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking
Creators: Stavropoulos, V., Footitt, T., Zarate, D., Prokofieva, M. and Griffiths, M.D.
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert Inc
Date: 28 October 2022
Volume: 25
Number: 12
ISSN: 2152-2715
Rights: Copyright 2022, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers This is the accepted version of the following article: 'Vasileios Stavropoulos, Trent Footitt, Daniel Zarate, Maria Prokofieva, and Mark D. Griffiths.The Online Flow Questionnaire: An Item Response Theory Examination.Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.ahead of print', which has now been formally published in final form at Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking at This original submission version of the article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with the Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers’ self-archiving terms and conditions.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jeremy Silvester
Date Added: 04 Nov 2022 13:05
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2022 11:25

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