The designated player policy rule and attendance demand in major league soccer

Rewilak, J. ORCID: 0000-0001-5337-8873, 2022. The designated player policy rule and attendance demand in major league soccer. Journal of Sports Economics. ISSN 1527-0025

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Evidence suggests that Major League Soccer's designated player (DP) rule increased match-day attendance in its inaugural season leading to expansion of this policy. However, there is a need to examine whether these findings are robust. Therefore, this paper uses the DP rule as a natural experiment to identify its effect on match-day attendance using a difference-in-difference estimation strategy. In contrast to existing research, when using a difference-in-difference estimator, the statistically significant effect of DPs on attendance vanishes but may be recovered when omitting domestic DPs from the set of DPs.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Sports Economics
Creators: Rewilak, J.
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Date: 1 November 2022
ISSN: 1527-0025
Rights: © The Author(s) 2022. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 21 Feb 2023 08:50
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2023 08:50

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