The double insult: explaining gender differences in the psychological consequences of war

Kellezi, B. ORCID: 0000-0003-4825-3624 and Reicher, S., 2014. The double insult: explaining gender differences in the psychological consequences of war. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 20 (4), pp. 491-504. ISSN 1078-1919

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Abstract

Although women have been shown to be at higher mental health risk following the experience of extreme events in war, this phenomenon is not fully understood. In the present study, we investigate the role of gender norms in determining the interpretation of events and the degree of social support given to victims. Thirty-eight survivors from the Kosovo conflict in 1999 were interviewed and data was analyzed using thematic and content analysis. The findings suggest that events which are seen as affirming gender norms (such as men who were injured in fighting the enemy) evoke pride in the victim and support from the community whereas events that are seen as undermining gender norms (such as women who are sexually assaulted) evoke shame in the victim and rejection by the community. Women, we suggest, are psychologically vulnerable both because they are more likely than men to experience identity undermining events and also because the consequences of such events are more severe for women than men.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Gender and the psychological consequences of war
Description: Has erratum: Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, (21) 3, p. 394.
Publication Title: Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology
Creators: Kellezi, B. and Reicher, S.
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Place of Publication: Washington, DC
Date: 2014
Volume: 20
Number: 4
ISSN: 1078-1919
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1037/pac0000043DOI
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:56
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:14
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5051

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