Human‐material interaction enabled by FFF 4D printing

Dezaki, M.L., Zolfagharian, A., Demoly, F. and Bodaghi, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0707-944X, 2024. Human‐material interaction enabled by FFF 4D printing. Advanced Engineering Materials. ISSN 1438-1656

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This review delves into four-dimensional printing (4DP) through fused filament fabrication (FFF) and its implications for human-material interaction (HMI). FFF 4DP's emergence in HMI represents a nascent and evolving concept worthy of deeper exploration. The article introduces FFF 4DP's fundamental principles, methodologies, materials, and associated benefits and challenges. Its primary focus is the intersection between FFF 4DP and HMI, investigating the potential of employing FFF 4D printed objects as interactive interfaces. Various HMI scenarios are examined, including applications in soft actuators, smart toys, household devices, smart consumer products, 4D textiles, and customizable wood-based items. Moreover, the article discusses the current state-of-art and development in the field, highlighting notable projects that integrate FFF 4DP into HMI to advance environmental sustainability. It also identifies key challenges/limitations requiring attention for the widespread adoption of 4DP in HMI applications. This work offers an in-depth analysis of FFF 4DP within the HMI context, underscoring its potential to transform human interactions with machines and smart devices. It introduces innovative features for dynamic and adaptable interfaces, promising to revolutionize user experiences. The article serves as a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners, and designers interested in exploring the exciting possibilities of FFF 4DP in the realm of HMI.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Advanced Engineering Materials
Creators: Dezaki, M.L., Zolfagharian, A., Demoly, F. and Bodaghi, M.
Publisher: Wiley
Date: 9 January 2024
ISSN: 1438-1656
Rights: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Dezaki, M. L., Zolfagharian, A., Demoly, F., & Bodaghi, M. (2024). Human‐material interaction enabled by FFF 4D printing. Advanced Engineering Materials, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 15 Jan 2024 15:12
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2024 15:12

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