Resilience training programs with police forces: a systematic review

Moreno, A.F., Karanika-Murray, M., Batista, P., Hill, R. ORCID: 0000-0002-2938-8825, Rubiol Vilalta, S. and Oliveira-Silva, P., 2024. Resilience training programs with police forces: a systematic review. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. ISSN 0882-0783

1853636_Hill.pdf - Published version

Download (831kB) | Preview


Through the course of their career, it is expected that police officers are exposed to stressful and emotionally challenging environments, which, combined with well-known organizational and occupational stressors, makes this professional class vulnerable to several psychological and medical conditions. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in developing intervention programs that seek to minimize the impact of the changing nature of police work within a changing society and promote skills that enable police officers to deal more effectively with the current and future challenges. Therefore, the aim of this review is to systematize resilience training intervention programs and characterize their format, content, and efficacy. For that purpose, we searched four databases for resilience programs delivered to the police. We reached a final sample of 32 articles from a total of 550 published studies. The articles considered were divided into three main groups: mindfulness-based resilience interventions (n = 13), neurobiological-based resilience interventions (n = 13), and other resilience training interventions that did not fit in the previous categories (n = 6). There was much inter-intervention variability, mainly concerning their structure and approach. However, the intervention programs were relatively uniform in the topics covered, such as psychoeducation, police scenario simulation, and debriefing. Nonetheless, most studies found positive outcomes on the variables of interest, predominantly clinical and performance indicators (e.g., stress, anxiety, decision-making). Subsequent research endeavors could aim to determine the most reliable measure outcome measures for resilience variables and intervention efficacy, as alongside identifying pivotal occupational factors crucial to a robust and impactful resilience intervention.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology
Creators: Moreno, A.F., Karanika-Murray, M., Batista, P., Hill, R., Rubiol Vilalta, S. and Oliveira-Silva, P.
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Date: 18 January 2024
ISSN: 0882-0783
Rights: © The Author(s) 2024. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 19 Feb 2024 11:35
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2024 11:35

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View


Views per month over past year


Downloads per month over past year