Bifidobacterium longum 1714 improves sleep quality and aspects of well-being in healthy adults: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial

Patterson, E., Tze, H., Tan, T., Groeger, D., Andrews, M. ORCID: 0000-0001-7499-9521, Buckley, M., Murphy, E.F. and Groeger, J.A. ORCID: 0000-0002-3582-1058, 2024. Bifidobacterium longum 1714 improves sleep quality and aspects of well-being in healthy adults: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Scientific Reports, 14: 3725. ISSN 2045-2322

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Stress and sleep are linked with overall well-being. Bifidobacterium longum 1714 has been shown to influence stress responses and modulate neural responses during social stress, and influence sleep quality during examination stress in healthy adults. Here, we explored the ability of this strain to alter sleep quality in adults using subjective and objective measures. Eighty-nine adults (18-45y) with impaired sleep quality assessed with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and with a global score ≥ 5 were randomized to receive B. longum 1714 or placebo daily for eight weeks. Assessing the effect of the strain on PSQI global score was the primary objective. Secondary objectives assessed sleep quality and well-being subjectively and sleep parameters using actigraphy objectively. While PSQI global score improved in both groups, B. longum 1714 significantly improved the PSQI component of sleep quality (p < 0.05) and daytime dysfunction due to sleepiness (p < 0.05) after 4 weeks and social functioning (p < 0.05) and energy/vitality (p < 0.05) after 8 weeks, compared to placebo. No significant effect on actigraphy measures were observed. The 1714 strain had a mild effect on sleep, demonstrated by a faster improvement in sleep quality at week 4 compared to placebo, although overall improvements after 8 weeks were similar in both groups. B. longum 1714 improved social functioning and increased energy/vitality in line with previous work that showed the strain modulated neural activity which correlated with enhanced vitality/reduced mental fatigue ( NCT04167475). Recent work has highlighted the gut microbiota as a key contributor to healthy brain development, function, and emotional well-being throughout life 1 possibly through the regulation of our immune, metabolic, and nervous system 2-4. Changes in the gut microbiota composition between healthy people and those with mental health disorders such as anxiety 5-7 and depression 8-11 have pinpointed the gut microbiota as a potential significant target to influence mental health. More recently, the role of 'psychobiotics' has demonstrated considerable impact on the stress response 12-17 and symptoms of depression 18-20 and anxiety 21 via the microbiota-gut-brain-axis in a strain specific manner. Such 'psychobiotics' may alleviate symptoms of excessive stress, anxiety, and depression by affecting physiological outputs and processes in the host such as immune function 22 , tryptophan metabolism 23 , corticosterone/cortisol 17,24 , neurotransmitters 25-27 , microbial metabolites 28 , and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) 29. Indeed, given the role of the gut microbiota as a key factor contributing to mood and mental health, it is reasonable to consider the gut as a window to mental well-being. Sleep is complex and multifactorial, therefore multiple physiologic processes can influence its quality 30,31. More recently, a growing body of evidence points to the consequences of poor sleep on immune function 32 and the microbiota-gut-brain axis as a potential regulator of sleep health 33-35. Adding to this evidence, changes in the gut microbiota composition have been described following sleep deprivation 36-38 and accompanying sleep disorders 39-41 , with improvements in sleep efficiency and sleep duration contributing to enhanced gut OPEN

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Scientific Reports
Creators: Patterson, E., Tze, H., Tan, T., Groeger, D., Andrews, M., Buckley, M., Murphy, E.F. and Groeger, J.A.
Publisher: Springer
Date: 14 February 2024
Volume: 14
ISSN: 2045-2322
Rights: © the author(s) 2024. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 22 Feb 2024 10:54
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2024 10:54

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