Monoamine oxidase in neuronal cell death

Fitzgerald, J, 2008. Monoamine oxidase in neuronal cell death. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.

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Abstract

Monoamine oxidase (MAO) is an oxidative enzyme that deaminates a variety of amine substrates, including the neurotransmitter dopamine. The enzymatic reaction requires molecular oxygen and produces hydrogen peroxide as a by-product. MAO is localised in the outer mitochondrial membrane and exists as two isoforms, MAO-A and MAO-B, which are differentially expressed in the body and differ in their substrate and inhibitor specificities. Previous studies have suggested that MAO-generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to oxidative stress in the cell and can directly inhibit electron transport, cause damage to mitochondrial DNA and enhance cell death signalling. In this study the role of MAO in cell death was investigated in dopaminergic neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells, in three diverse models of mitochondrially-mediated apoptosis. The relevance of MAO in cell death signalling was confirmed with the use of two unrelated MAO inhibitors and the creation of stable SH-SY5Y cell lines that either over express MAO-A or have reduced levels of MAO-A. The study is the first to over express MAO-A using recombinant technology and to use miRNA to stably knock-down MAO-A expression in human neuronal cells.

Item Type: Thesis
Creators: Fitzgerald, J.
Date: 2008
Rights: This work is the intellectual property of the author, and may also be owned by the research sponsor(s) and/or Nottingham Trent University. You may copy up to 5% of this work for private study, or personal, non-commercial research. Any re-use of the information contained within this document should be fully referenced, quoting the author, title, university, degree level and pagination. Queries or requests for any other use, of if a more substantial copy is required, should be directed in the first instance to the author.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:33
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2015 09:33
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/51

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