Resilient city perspective: 4D printing in art, architecture and construction

Niazy, D., Ashraf, M., Bodaghi, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-0707-944X and Zolfagharian, A., 2024. Resilient city perspective: 4D printing in art, architecture and construction. Materials Today Sustainability, 26: 100708. ISSN 2589-2347

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Four-dimensional printing (4DP) improves material efficiency while enhancing the performance of the structure when subjected to external stimuli. Integrating stimulus-responsive materials with additive manufacturing offers a possible sustainable and environmental solution to mitigate current sustainability challenges. This perspective literature review comprehensively illustrates the research on 4DP conducted exclusively for art, architecture, and construction (4DPAAC). 3D printing responsive material research across buildings and construction is evaluated, resulting in the identification of seven research areas of 4DPAAC. They offer prospects for advanced building features, varying from façades to infrastructure, which are critically evaluated for their prospective contributions to reduce energy and material consumption and provide adaptability to climate change.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Materials Today Sustainability
Creators: Niazy, D., Ashraf, M., Bodaghi, M. and Zolfagharian, A.
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Date: June 2024
Volume: 26
ISSN: 2589-2347
Rights: © 2024 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 15 Mar 2024 11:11
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024 11:11

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