An intelligent load balancing algorithm for 5G-satellite networks

Bello, M., Pillai, P. and Sadiq, A.S. ORCID: 0000-0002-5746-0257, 2024. An intelligent load balancing algorithm for 5G-satellite networks. International Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking. ISSN 1542-0973

[img] Text
1876797_Sadiq.pdf - Post-print
Full-text access embargoed until 11 April 2025.

Download (1MB)


Cellular networks are projected to deal with an immense rise in data traffic, as well as an enormous and diverse device, plus advanced use cases, in the nearest future; hence, future 5G networks are being developed to consist of not only 5G but also different RATs integrated. In addition to 5G, the user’s device (UD) will be able to connect to the network via LTE, WiMAX, WiFi, Satellite, and other technologies. On the other hand, Satellite has been suggested as a preferred network to support 5G use cases. However, achieving load balancing is essential to guarantee an equal amount of traffic distributed between different RATs in a heterogeneous wireless network; this would enable optimal utilisation of the radio resources and lower the likelihood of call blocking/dropping.

This study presented an artificial intelligent-based application in heterogeneous wireless networks and proposed an Enhanced Particles Optimization (EPSO) algorithm to solve the load balancing problem in 5G-Satellite networks. The algorithm uses a call admission control strategy to admit users into the network to
ensure that users are evenly distributed on the network.

The proposed algorithm was compared with the Artificial Bee Colony and Simulated Annealing algorithm using three performance metrics: throughput, call blocking and fairness. Finally, based on the experimental findings, results outcomes were analysed and discussed.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking
Creators: Bello, M., Pillai, P. and Sadiq, A.S.
Publisher: Wiley
Date: 11 April 2024
ISSN: 1542-0973
Rights: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: BELLO, M., PILLAI, P. and SADIQ, A.S., 2024. An intelligent load balancing algorithm for 5G-satellite networks. International Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 22 Mar 2024 15:32
Last Modified: 21 May 2024 09:22

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View


Views per month over past year


Downloads per month over past year