Self-control exertion and goal priming: effects on time-to-exhaustion cycling performance

Hunte, R., Cooper, S.B. ORCID: 0000-0001-5219-5020, Nevill, M.E., Taylor, I.M. and Boat, R. ORCID: 0000-0002-4897-8118, 2024. Self-control exertion and goal priming: effects on time-to-exhaustion cycling performance. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology. ISSN 2157-3905

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Interventions to attenuate the negative effects of prior self-control exertion on physical performance are limited. The current study had three primary objectives: a) to investigate whether prior self-control exertion reduces subsequent performance on a time-to-exhaustion (TTE) cycling task, b) to investigate if goal priming attenuated the detrimental effects of self-control depletion on subsequent physical performance, c) to examine the potential for any observed performance decrements to be explained by changes in perceptions of pain and motivation. Fourteen recreationally active males (23 ± 3 years) completed three TTE cycling tasks at 80% V̇O2 peak on an electromagnetically braked cycle ergometer. Prior to each TTE cycling task, participants completed a self-control depletion condition (incongruent Stroop task) or a non-self-control depletion condition (congruent Stroop task) for 4 min. During the TTE cycling task, participants were asked to watch a video on the screen in front of them. During this video, participants were exposed to a goal priming sequence (intervention condition) or a random letter sequence (control condition). The participants’ TTE cycling task performance time, subjective measures, and cycling cadence were recorded every 3 min during the TTE task. A one-way repeated-measures ANOVA revealed that there was no significant difference in TTE cycling task performance between the experimental conditions (p = 0.28). Furthermore, there were no significant changes in perceptions of pain (p = 0.36) or motivation (p = 0.21). The findings indicate that prior self-control exertion did not negatively affect subsequent TTE cycling task performance. In addition, goal priming does not influence the effects of initial self-control exertion on subsequent physical task performance.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology
Creators: Hunte, R., Cooper, S.B., Nevill, M.E., Taylor, I.M. and Boat, R.
Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)
Date: April 2024
ISSN: 2157-3905
Rights: ©American Psychological Association, 2024. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. The final article is available, upon publication, at:
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Laura Ward
Date Added: 23 Apr 2024 07:43
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2024 07:43

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