The apology mismatch: asymmetries between victim's need for apologies and perpetrator's willingness to apologize

Leunissen, J.M. ORCID: 0000-0002-1639-3174, De Cremer, D., Reinders Folmer, C.P. and Van Dijke, M. ORCID: 0000-0001-9974-5050, 2013. The apology mismatch: asymmetries between victim's need for apologies and perpetrator's willingness to apologize. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49 (3), pp. 315-324. ISSN 0022-1031

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Abstract

Although previous research on apologies has shown that apologies can have many beneficial effects on victims’ responses, the dyadic nature of the apology process has
largely been ignored. As a consequence, very little is known about the congruence between perpetrators’ willingness to apologize and victims’ willingness to receive an apology. In three experimental studies we showed that victims mainly want to receive an apology after an intentional transgression, whereas perpetrators want to offer an apology particularly after an unintentional transgression. As expected, these divergent apologetic needs among victims and perpetrators were mediated by unique emotions: guilt among perpetrators and anger among victims. These results suggest that an apology serves very different goals among victims and perpetrators, thus pointing at an apology mismatch.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: The apology mismatch [running title]
Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
Creators: Leunissen, J.M., De Cremer, D., Reinders Folmer, C.P. and Van Dijke, M.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: May 2013
Volume: 49
Number: 3
ISSN: 0022-1031
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1016/j.jesp.2012.12.005DOI
S0022103112002454Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:39
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:07
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/637

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