Libya after the civil war: regime change and democratisation

El-Anis, I. ORCID: 0000-0002-6918-4544 and Hamed, A., 2013. Libya after the civil war: regime change and democratisation. Journal of Conflict Transformation & Security, 3 (2), pp. 174-193. ISSN 2045-1903

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This article examines changes in Libya’s internal security, politics, economy and international relations since the start of the revolution in February 2011. Our main argument is that in order to transition from authoritarianism to democracy significant change in each of these four, mutually reinforcing, areas is needed. Drawing on data collected through media analysis and field work, we offer a discussion of the nature of change in Libya and how far the country has democratised. We claim that significant changes in Libya’s political system and foreign relations have taken place since 2011 that reinforce the process of democratisation. Within the political system these changes include the conduct of free and fair elections, the formation of new political parties, the reinforcement of civil rights and liberties, governmental accountability and the emergence of a participant political culture. Within foreign relations they include deeper cooperation with regional and international actors, reintegration into the Arab League, and rapprochement with Western states. However, we also observe that structural economic changes, in particular raising personal incomes and lowering poverty, and the normalisation of security provision are moving forward more slowly. We conclude that democratisation in Libya is taking place and there is a solid possibility that embedded democracy will emerge in Libya in the medium to long-term.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Conflict Transformation & Security
Creators: El-Anis, I. and Hamed, A.
Publisher: CESRAN International (Centre for Strategic Research and Analysis)
Place of Publication: Coventry
Date: 2013
Volume: 3
Number: 2
ISSN: 2045-1903
Rights: © CESRAN 2013. All rights reserved.
Divisions: Schools > School of Arts and Humanities
Record created by: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 10:06
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:04

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