The (co-)occurrence of problematic video gaming, substance use, and psychosocial problems in adolescents

VAN ROOIJ, A.J., KUSS, D.J., GRIFFITHS, M.D., SHORTER, G.W., SCHOENMAKERS, T.M. and VAN DE MHEEN, D., 2014. The (co-)occurrence of problematic video gaming, substance use, and psychosocial problems in adolescents. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 3 (3), pp. 157-165. ISSN 2062-5871


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Aims. The current study explored the nature of problematic (addictive) video gaming and the association with game type, psychosocial health, and substance use. Methods. Data were collected using a paper and pencil survey in the classroom setting. Three samples were aggregated to achieve a total sample of 8478 unique adolescents. Scales included measures of game use, game type, the Video game Addiction Test (VAT), depressive mood, negative self-esteem, loneliness, social anxiety, education performance, and use of cannabis, alcohol and nicotine (smoking). Results. Findings confirmed problematic gaming is most common amongst adolescent gamers who play multiplayer online games. Boys (60%) were more likely to play online games than girls (14%) and problematic gamers were more likely to be boys (5%) than girls (1%). High problematic gamers showed higher scores on depressive mood, loneliness, social anxiety, negative self-esteem, and self-reported lower school performance. Nicotine, alcohol, and cannabis using boys were almost twice more likely to report high PVG than non-users. Conclusions. It appears that online gaming in general is not necessarily associated with problems. However, problematic gamers do seem to play online games more often, and a small subgroup of gamers – specifically boys – showed lower psychosocial functioning and lower grades. Moreover, associations with alcohol, nicotine, and cannabis use are found. It would appear that problematic gaming is an undesirable problem for a small subgroup of gamers. The findings encourage further exploration of the role of psychoactive substance use in problematic gaming.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Creators: Van Rooij, A.J., Kuss, D.J., Griffiths, M.D., Shorter, G.W., Schoenmakers, T.M. and Van de Mheen, D.
Publisher: Akadémiai Kiadó
Place of Publication: Budapest, Hungary
Date: 2014
Volume: 3
Number: 3
ISSN: 2062-5871
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 10:11
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:21

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