Testing two cognitive theories of insight

JONES, G., 2003. Testing two cognitive theories of insight. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 29 (5), pp. 1017-1027. ISSN 0278-7393

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Abstract

Insight in problem solving occurs when the problem solver fails to see how to solve a problem and then-"aha!"-there is a sudden realization how to solve it. Two contemporary theories have been proposed to explain insight. The representational change theory (e.g., G. Knoblich, S. Ohlsson, & G. E. Rainey, 2001) proposes that insight occurs through relaxing self-imposed constraints on a problem and by decomposing chunked items in the problem. The progress monitoring theory (e.g., J. N. MacGregor, T. C. Ormerod, & E. P. Chronicle, 2001) proposes that insight is only sought once it becomes apparent that the distance to the goal is unachievable in the moves remaining. These 2 theories are tested in an unlimited move problem, to which neither theory has previously been applied. The results lend support to both, but experimental manipulations to the problem suggest that the representational change theory is the better indicator of performance. The findings suggest that testable opposing predictions can be made to examine theories of insight and that the use of eye movement data is a fruitful method of both examining insight and testing theories of insight.

Item Type: Journal article
Description: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Creators: Jones, G.
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Date: 2003
Volume: 29
Number: 5
ISSN: 0278-7393
Identifiers:
NumberType
10.1037/0278-7393.29.5.1017DOI
Rights: © 2009 American Psychological Association
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 10:12
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2016 09:08
URI: http://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9297

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