The dud-alternative effect in memory for associations: putting confidence into local context

Hanczakowski, M., Zawadzka, K. ORCID: 0000-0003-0214-1184 and Higham, P.A., 2014. The dud-alternative effect in memory for associations: putting confidence into local context. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 21 (2), pp. 543-548. ISSN 1069-9384

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When participants are asked to provide confidence judgments for each provided alternative in a multiple-choice memory task, such judgments are inflated if assessed alternatives are accompanied by an implausible (dud) alternative. This finding, termed the dud-alternative effect, has been recently documented in a memory setting with a line-up procedure (Charman, Wells, & Joy, 2011). In the present study we develop a novel paradigm to investigate the dud- alternative effect in memory. The paradigm utilizes a multiple-choice associative recognition task in which dud alternatives can be rejected on the basis of their unfamiliarity. In two experiments we demonstrate a reliable dud-alternative effect with our novel procedure. The results demonstrate that the dud-alternative effect in episodic memory is not limited to tasks based on perceptual factors but is a general phenomenon concerning confidence judgments.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: The dud-alternative effect in memory [running head]
Publication Title: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Creators: Hanczakowski, M., Zawadzka, K. and Higham, P.A.
Publisher: Springer
Place of Publication: New York
Date: 2014
Volume: 21
Number: 2
ISSN: 1069-9384
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 10:28
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:30

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