Screening and the quantitative π-model description of the optical spectra and polarizations of phenyl based oligomers

Castleton, C.W.M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6790-6569 and Barford, W., 2002. Screening and the quantitative π-model description of the optical spectra and polarizations of phenyl based oligomers. Journal of Chemical Physics, 117 (8), pp. 3570-3582. ISSN 0021-9606

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The long standing problem of the inability of many semiempirical models to correctly predict the polarization of the higher dipole allowed optical transitions of phenyl based π-conjugated polymers and molecules is examined and related to the issue of internal and external screening of π-π electron Coulomb interactions within the molecules. Following a review of previous theoretical and experimental work, π electron only the Complete Neglect of Differential Overlap (CNDO) model is presented which, for the first time, is able to predict accurately the energies and symmetries of all the observed optical transitions of benzene, biphenyl and trans -stilbene, up to ~8-10 eV. In so doing, it is demonstrated that the problem with previous calculations was the noninclusion of screening from outside the p electron system itself. By fitting separately the spectra in hydrocarbon based condensed phases, in the gas phase and in solid rare gas matrices, and comparing the resulting model parameters, we show that, while the effects of screening from the environment are certainly noticeable, the most important spectral features - in particular the ordering of dipole allowed transitions - come from effective screening by the s electrons. We find that both of these effects can be adequately accounted for within a π electron only model by using a dielectric constant and appropriate parameter renormalization.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Chemical Physics
Creators: Castleton, C.W.M. and Barford, W.
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Date: 8 August 2002
Volume: 117
Number: 8
ISSN: 0021-9606
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 10:39
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:35

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