Feeling of knowing and restudy choices

Hanczakowski, M., Zawadzka, K. ORCID: 0000-0003-0214-1184 and Cockcroft-McKay, C., 2014. Feeling of knowing and restudy choices. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 21 (6), pp. 1617-1622. ISSN 1069-9384

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Feeling-of-knowing judgments (FOK-Js) reflect people’s confidence that they would be able to recognize a currently unrecallable item. Although much research has been devoted to the factors determining the magnitude and accuracy of FOK-Js, much less work has addressed the issue of whether FOK-Js are related to any form of metacognitive control over memory processes. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that FOK-Js are related to participants’ choices of which unrecallable items should be restudied. In three experiments, we showed that participants tend to choose for restudy items with high FOK-Js, both when they are explicitly asked to choose for restudy items that can be mastered in the restudy session (Exps. 1a and 2) and when such specific instructions are omitted (Exp. 1b). The study further demonstrated that increasing FOK-Js via priming cues affects restudy choices, even though it does not affect recall directly. Finally, Experiment 2 showed the strategy of restudying unrecalled items with high FOK-Js to be adaptive, because the efficacy of restudy is greater for these items than for items with low FOK-Js. Altogether, the present findings underscore an important role of FOK-Js for the metacognitive control of study operations.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Creators: Hanczakowski, M., Zawadzka, K. and Cockcroft-McKay, C.
Publisher: Springer
Place of Publication: New York
Date: 2014
Volume: 21
Number: 6
ISSN: 1069-9384
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 11:14
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:53
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/24752

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