Proactive listening to a training commentary improves hazard prediction

Castro, C., Ventsislavova, P. ORCID: 0000-0002-7095-8113, Peña-Suarez, E., Gugliotta, A., Garcia-Fernandez, P., Eisman, E. and Crundall, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-6030-3631, 2016. Proactive listening to a training commentary improves hazard prediction. Safety Science, 82, pp. 144-154. ISSN 0925-7535

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The aim of this work was to explore the effect of Proactive Listening to a Training Commentary, using the recently developed version of the Spanish Hazard Perception test. Firstly, 16 videos were used in the pre-test session in its short version, cut to black just before the hazard appearance. The What Happens Next Assessment (at the pre-test stage) generates expectations about the outcome of the traffic situation. Then, the training (8 minutes in length) uses the complete version of the same 16 videos, revealing the hazards unfolding. It involves listening to a voice with relevant information about where to allocate attention in the complex driving scene in order to recognise and anticipate the hazard successfully. A total of 121 participants were included in this study The sample consisted of learner, novice and experienced drivers, including re-offender and non-offender drivers. The participants were divided into 2 groups: a trained and an untrained group. Two assessment times were used: pre-test (16 videos) and post-test sessions (another 16 videos). The test presented a high internal consistency (Alpha = 0.875). This training shows significant positive effects for all types and groups of participants. No significant differences were found between the non-offender and the offender groups. Performance in gradual-onset hazard events can be improved after training but also by practice; however this training is essential and especially beneficial for training the ability to detect hazards that appear abruptly (which seems to be difficult
to improve just by practice).

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Safety Science
Creators: Castro, C., Ventsislavova, P., Peña-Suarez, E., Gugliotta, A., Garcia-Fernandez, P., Eisman, E. and Crundall, D.
Publisher: Elsevier
Place of Publication: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Date: February 2016
Volume: 82
ISSN: 0925-7535
S0925753515002477Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: EPrints Services
Date Added: 28 Oct 2015 10:34
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2018 09:37

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