Sickness presenteeism determines job satisfaction via affective-motivational states

Karanika-Murray, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-4141-3747, Pontes, H.M. ORCID: 0000-0001-8020-7623, Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Biron, C., 2015. Sickness presenteeism determines job satisfaction via affective-motivational states. Social Science & Medicine, 139, pp. 100-106. ISSN 0277-9536

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Research on the consequences of sickness presenteeism, or the phenomenon of attending work whilst ill, has focused predominantly on identifying its economic, health, and absenteeism outcomes, neglecting important attitudinal-motivational outcomes. A mediation model of sickness presenteeism as a determinant of job satisfaction via affective-motivational states (specifically engagement with work and addiction to work) is proposed. This model adds to the current literature, by focusing on (i) job satisfaction as an outcome of presenteeism, and (ii) the psychological processes associated with this. It posits presenteeism as psychological absence and work engagement and work addiction as motivational states that originate in that. An online survey was completed by 158 office workers on sickness presenteeism, work engagement, work addiction, and job satisfaction. The results of bootstrapped mediation analysis with observable variables supported the model. Sickness presenteeism was negatively associated with job satisfaction. This relationship was fully mediated by both engagement with work and addiction to work, explaining a total of 48.07% of the variance in job satisfaction. Despite the small sample, the data provide preliminary support for the model. Given that there is currently no available research on the attitudinal consequences of presenteeism, these findings offer promise for advancing theorising in this area.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Social Science & Medicine
Creators: Karanika-Murray, M., Pontes, H.M., Griffiths, M.D. and Biron, C.
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Date: August 2015
Volume: 139
ISSN: 0277-9536
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 12 Nov 2015 16:46
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2019 12:24

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