National Environmental Factors for Implementing Total Quality Environmental Management in the Libyan Food Industry

Saad, A., Su, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-9541-8869, Marsh, P. and Wu, Z. ORCID: 0000-0002-1707-0238, 2016. National Environmental Factors for Implementing Total Quality Environmental Management in the Libyan Food Industry. British Journal of Economics, Management & Trade, 11 (4), p. 23182. ISSN 2278-098X

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Investigates national environmental factors on implementing total quality environmental management (TQEM) in the Libyan food industry (LFI), in order to develop modern managerial techniques.
Study Design:
A questionnaire was conducted with 62 managers and 518 employees from three companies in the LFI.
Place and Duration of Study:
The study was carried out in Libya, the fieldwork was conducted in 2013.
Using existing measures obtained from the literature and new ones specifically developed for this research, a battery of items was derived to investigate technical capability, organizational culture, competition, government policy and human resource.
The results revealed that, five national environmental factors are identified. The findings show that the social responsibility factor is a new phenomenon that has not generally been studied in Libya, and particularly not in the LFI.
This research contributes to the knowledge by investigating the national environmental factors for implementation of TQEM in a different context (i.e., the Arab/North African context). The findings provide a valuable basis to establish a framework model for the implementation of the TQEM in the Libyan context.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: British Journal of Economics, Management & Trade
Creators: Saad, A., Su, D., Marsh, P. and Wu, Z.
Publisher: SCIENCEDOMAIN international
Date: 2016
Volume: 11
Number: 4
ISSN: 2278-098X
Rights: © 2016 Saad et al.; This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Schools > School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment
Record created by: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 04 Apr 2016 09:28
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 14:00

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