A1 adenosine receptor-induced phosphorylation and modulation of transglutaminase 2 activity in H9c2 cells: a role in cell survival

Vyas, F.S., Hargreaves, A.J. ORCID: 0000-0001-9754-5477, Bonner, P.L.R. ORCID: 0000-0001-9015-3403, Boocock, D.J. ORCID: 0000-0002-7333-3549, Coveney, C. ORCID: 0000-0001-7047-6408 and Dickenson, J.M. ORCID: 0000-0002-9683-969X, 2016. A1 adenosine receptor-induced phosphorylation and modulation of transglutaminase 2 activity in H9c2 cells: a role in cell survival. Biochemical Pharmacology, 107, pp. 41-58. ISSN 0006-2952

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The regulation of tissue transglutaminase (TG2) activity by the GPCR family is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the modulation of TG2 activity by the A1 adenosine receptor in cardiomyocyte-like H9c2 cells.H9c2 cells were lysed following stimulation with the A1 adenosine receptor agonist N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA). Transglutaminase activity was determined using an amine incorporating and a protein cross linking assay. TG2 phosphorylation was assessed via immunoprecipitation and Western blotting. The role of TG2 in A1 adenosine receptor-induced cytoprotection was investigated by monitoring hypoxia-induced cell death. CPA induced time and concentration-dependent increases in amine incorporating and protein crosslinking activity of TG2. CPA-induced increases in TG2 activity were attenuated by the TG2 inhibitors Z-DON and R283. Responses to CPA were blocked by PKC (Ro 31-8220), MEK1/2 (PD 98059), p38 MAPK (SB 203580) and JNK1/2 (SP 600125) inhibitors and by removal of extracellular Ca2+. CPA triggered robust increases in the levels of TG2-associated phosphoserine and phosphothreonine, which were attenuated by PKC, MEK1/2 and JNK1/2 inhibitors. Fluorescence microscopy revealed TG2-mediated biotin-X-cadaverine incorporation into proteins and proteomic analysis identified known (Histone H4) and novel (Hexokinase 1) protein substrates for TG2. CPA pre-treatment reversed hypoxia-induced LDH release and decreases in MTT reduction. TG2 inhibitors R283 and Z-DON attenuated A1 adenosine receptor-induced cytoprotection. TG2 activity was stimulated by the A1 adenosine receptor in H9c2 cells via a multi protein kinase dependent pathway. These results suggest a role for TG2 in A1 adenosine receptor-induced cytoprotection.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Biochemical Pharmacology
Creators: Vyas, F.S., Hargreaves, A.J., Bonner, P.L.R., Boocock, D.J., Coveney, C. and Dickenson, J.M.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 1 May 2016
Volume: 107
ISSN: 0006-2952
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 09 May 2016 10:33
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2021 15:13
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/27747

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