Examining fast and slow effects for alcohol and negative emotion in problem and social drinkers

Clarke, S.P. ORCID: 0000-0002-6708-0194, Sharma, D. and Salter, D., 2015. Examining fast and slow effects for alcohol and negative emotion in problem and social drinkers. Addiction Research & Theory, 23 (1), pp. 24-33. ISSN 1606-6359

Clarke_29224.pdf - Post-print

Download (411kB) | Preview


Attentional bias (AB) for alcohol-related stimuli has been consistently demonstrated in social and problem drinkers. The aims of the present study was to: investigate whether AB for alcohol-related stimuli could be described as a slow effect as well as a fast effect; how these effects related to drinking behaviour; and the influence of priming effects on the experimental procedure. Two experiments were designed. In experiment 1, problem drinkers in treatment (PDT) at a community alcohol service (N = 62) and a group of social drinking controls (N = 60) were assessed using the modified Stroop task with alcohol, negative emotion and neutral words. Drinking patterns were also recorded on the Khavari Alcohol Test. In experiment 2, social drinking controls (N = 40) completed the same procedure but were blinded to the study's aims. In experiment 1, both groups demonstrated slower response times (RTs) to alcohol-related than neutral stimuli in both fast and slow processes. Difference scores for alcohol compared to neutral words in the slow process were positively correlated with increases in drinking levels for both groups. In experiment 2, AB to alcohol-related stimuli disappeared when participants were unprimed. The findings highlight the importance of investigating the role of fast and slow processes in continued and problem drinking, alongside priming effects on the experimental procedure.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Addiction Research & Theory
Creators: Clarke, S.P., Sharma, D. and Salter, D.
Date: 2015
Volume: 23
Number: 1
ISSN: 1606-6359
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Richard Cross
Date Added: 02 Dec 2016 10:50
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 14:09
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/29224

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View


Views per month over past year


Downloads per month over past year