Depression among users of social networking sites (SNSs): the role of SNS addiction and increased usage

Donnelly, E. and Kuss, D.J. ORCID: 0000-0001-8917-782X, 2016. Depression among users of social networking sites (SNSs): the role of SNS addiction and increased usage. Journal of Addiction and Preventive Medicine, 1 (2), p. 107. ISSN 2474-5049

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Previous literature suggests that increased usage of social networking sites (SNSs) can have a detrimental effect on mental wellbeing [1,2]. Furthermore, increased SNS usage has been found to result in the development of a new behavioral addiction: SNS addiction [3]. This new form of addiction to social networking is shown to predict depression in users of SNSs [4,5].
As the rates of people who use SNSs are rising, the current study aimed to identify relationships between SNS usage, SNS addiction and depression, with a focus on SNSs used today that have not been researched before, namely Instagram, Twitter and Snapchat.
A cross-sectional online study was conducted on a sample of 103 young adults. Each participant filled out a questionnaire consisting of the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression Scale Revised (CESD-R), Young’s Internet Addiction Test (IAT), along with general questions relating to SNS use.
The results of the current study suggest that Instagram use (β = .24, p ≤ .05) and SNS addiction (β = .32, p = .001) were significant predictors of depression. The results also showed that Instagram use predicted SNS addiction (β = .22, p < .05). No such relationship existed between Facebook, Twitter or Snapchat and SNS addiction or depression.
The results indicated that both Instagram use and SNS addiction were related to depression, and that Instagram use was related to SNS addiction. Results are explained from a uses and gratifications perspective. Further research using longitudinal designs is needed to establish the direction of this relationship.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Addiction and Preventive Medicine
Creators: Donnelly, E. and Kuss, D.J.
Publisher: Elnys Group
Date: November 2016
Volume: 1
Number: 2
ISSN: 2474-5049
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 05 Dec 2016 10:44
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 14:09

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