Syndecan-4 regulates cell-surface trafficking and biological activity of transglutaminase-2

Scarpellini, A., 2009. Syndecan-4 regulates cell-surface trafficking and biological activity of transglutaminase-2. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.


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Transglutaminase-2 (TG2) is a Ca2+-dependent crosslinking enzyme involved in the post-translational modification of proteins via the formation of Nε(γ-glutamyl)lysine isodipeptides. TG2 is externalised in the extracellular matrix (ECM) through an unconventional and not fully understood pathway. Under normal conditions, TG2 modulates cell adhesion, proliferation and tissue repair. Under continuous cell insult higher expression and elevated extracellular trafficking of TG2 contribute to the pathogenesis of tissue scarring. TG2 is known to have affinity for heparin, and in a previous study cell-surface heparan sulphate (HS) has been implicated in extracellular TG2 mediated RGD-independent cell adhesion, a non-enzymatic process independent from the α5β1 integrin-binding to the RGD domain on FN (Verderio et al., 2003). Hence HS proteoglycan (HSPG) could act as cell surface co-receptor for FNbound TG2 or contribute to the regulation of extracellular TG2 activity in cell adhesion and tissue repair.

Item Type: Thesis
Creators: Scarpellini, A.
Date: 2009
Rights: This work is the intellectual property of the author, and may also be owned by the research sponsor(s) and/or Nottingham Trent University. You may copy up to 5% of this work for private study, or personal, non-commercial research. Any re-use of the information contained within this document should be fully referenced, quoting the author, title, university, degree level and pagination. Queries or requests for any other use, or if a more substantial copy is required, should be directed in the first instance to the author.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:35
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2015 09:35

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