The relationship between oestrogen and muscle strength: a current perspective

Elliott-Sale, K.J. ORCID: 0000-0003-1122-5099, 2014. The relationship between oestrogen and muscle strength: a current perspective. Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte, 28 (2), pp. 339-349. ISSN 1807-5509

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The relationship between muscle strength and oestrogen is ambiguous and is still largely unresolved. The evidence for and against an effect of oestradiol on determinants of muscle function is equivocal and often contradictory. The bulk of the research in this area was performed during the eighties and nineties, using models of reproductive functioning such as; the menstrual cycle, the menopause and hormone replacement therapy, oral contraceptives and in vitro fertilisation treatment, to alter the female hormonal milieu. In the last decade, approximately 15 papers have demonstrated a relationship, both positive and negative, between the concentration of oestrogen and skeletal muscle strength. Conversely, around 20 articles have not shown any influence of oestrogen on a number of strength measures. The majority of these studies were performed using post-menopausal and eumenorrheic females. Most current studies use hormonal assays to confirm oestrogen status, however no recent studies have reported the bioavailable concentration of oestradiol. Similarly, no research in the last 10 years has used in vitro fertilisation treatment or pregnancy as acute and chronic models of supra-physiological changes in sex hormone concentration. Future work should focus on
performing meta-analyses on each of the key components of muscle strength in an attempt to elucidate a causal relationship. In addition, models of reproductive functioning that cause the greatest magnitude of change to oestrogen concentration should be used, while controlling as many confounding factors as possible.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte
Creators: Elliott-Sale, K.J.
Publisher: Escola de Educação Física e Esporte da Universidade de São Paulo
Date: 30 April 2014
Volume: 28
Number: 2
ISSN: 1807-5509
S1807-55092014000200339Publisher Item Identifier
Rights: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 23 Mar 2017 16:04
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2017 13:26

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