Suicide screening tools for use in adult offenders: a systematic review

Gould, C., McGeorge, T. and Slade, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-7442-4805, 2018. Suicide screening tools for use in adult offenders: a systematic review. Archives of Suicide Research, 22 (3), pp. 345-364. ISSN 1381-1118

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Self-inflicted deaths in prisons in England and Wales, recently reported as the highest in over a decade, are a significant cause of mortality. A lack of guidelines surrounding the screening and identification of suicide risk of new prisoners along with a dearth of effective screening tools indicate the need for review. Our aims are to examine findings on the effectiveness of prison specific suicide screening tools used with adult prisoners. Papers were identified via systematic searches of databases, scanning grey literature, and reference checking. Included studies were published over the period between 2000–2016. PRISMA guidelines were followed. Studies were selected based on population – adult imprisoned offenders; intervention – suicide screening tool; comparators – participants screened vs. not screened outcome – suicide or attempted suicide. Data was extracted manually. A narrative synthesis presented the findings between different screening tools. Eight screening tools were critically appraised. Evidence suggested that the VISCI and Dutch screening tools are most effective in identifying those at risk and reducing suicide and/or self-harm behavior. Variance in methodological quality and associated factors indicate the need for further development of prospective studies to develop robust screening tools.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Archives of Suicide Research
Creators: Gould, C., McGeorge, T. and Slade, K.
Publisher: Routledge
Date: 2018
Volume: 22
Number: 3
ISSN: 1381-1118
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 21 Jul 2017 15:07
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2018 03:00

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