The impact of monetary policy on gold price dynamics

Zhu, Y., Fan, J. ORCID: 0000-0003-4447-6580 and Tucker, J., 2018. The impact of monetary policy on gold price dynamics. Research in International Business and Finance, 44, pp. 319-331. ISSN 0275-5319

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Ever since the collapse of the Bretton-Woods system, gold has retained its function as an important monetary commodity (Baur and Lucey, 2010), and continues to provide important inflation forecasting information to monetary policy setters (Tkacz, 2007). However, Capie et al. (2005) highlight the instability of gold price dynamics through time, attributing it to unpredictable political attitudes and events. In this paper, we investigate gold price dynamics under different inflation regimes and stock market conditions using UK and US index-linked Treasury bond data. We show that gold lost its role as an inflation hedge after May 1997 in the UK, and after 2003 did not act as an inflation hedge in the US, supporting the argument that gold is an inflation hedge only in periods of high inflation and inflation expectations. Further, we show that gold retained its safe haven status throughout the sample period in both countries, but it did not act as a stock market hedge in the UK except during the 2008-9 global financial crisis. Finally, we conduct an event -study analysis of the impact of QE announcements from four leading central banks on the gold price in US dollars. While the QE announcements of the US Federal Reserve and the European Central Bank exerted a strong and weak influence on gold, respectively, the Bank of England and the Bank of Japan's QE announcements had no discernible impact on the gold price.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Research in International Business and Finance
Creators: Zhu, Y., Fan, J. and Tucker, J.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: April 2018
Volume: 44
ISSN: 0275-5319
S0275531917300594Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Business School
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 07 Sep 2017 15:01
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2019 08:29

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