An investigation into problematic smartphone use: the role of narcissism, anxiety, and personality factors

Hussain, Z. ORCID: 0000-0002-7678-6615, Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Sheffield, D., 2017. An investigation into problematic smartphone use: the role of narcissism, anxiety, and personality factors. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 6 (3), pp. 378-386. ISSN 2062-5871

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Background and aims: Over the last decade, worldwide smartphone usage has greatly increased. Alongside this
growth, research on the influence of smartphones on human behavior has also increased. However, a growing number of studies have shown that excessive use of smartphones can lead to detrimental consequences in a minority of individuals. This study examines the psychological aspects of smartphone use particularly in relation to problematic use, narcissism, anxiety, and personality factors.

Methods: A sample of 640 smartphone users ranging from 13 to 69 years of age (mean = 24.89 years, SD = 8.54) provided complete responses to an online survey including modified DSM-5 criteria of Internet Gaming Disorder to assess problematic smartphone use, the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, and the Ten-Item Personality Inventory.

Results: The results demonstrated significant relationships between problematic smartphone use and anxiety, conscientiousness, openness, emotional stability, the amount of time spent on smartphones, and age. The results also demonstrated that conscientiousness, emotional stability, and age were independent predictors of problematic smartphone use.

Conclusion: The findings demonstrate that problematic smartphone use is associated with various personality factors and contributes to further understanding the psychology of smartphone behavior and associations with excessive use of smartphones.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Creators: Hussain, Z., Griffiths, M.D. and Sheffield, D.
Publisher: Akadémiai Kiadó
Date: September 2017
Volume: 6
Number: 3
ISSN: 2062-5871
Rights: © 2017 The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 26 Sep 2017 08:51
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 10:03

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