Predicting subsequent task performance from goal motivation and goal failure

Healy, L.C. ORCID: 0000-0003-1372-7308, Ntoumanis, N., Stewart, B.D. and Duda, J.L., 2015. Predicting subsequent task performance from goal motivation and goal failure. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, p. 926. ISSN 1664-1078

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Recent research has demonstrated that the cognitive processes associated with goal pursuit can continue to interfere with unrelated tasks when a goal is unfulfilled. Drawing from the self-regulation and goal-striving literatures, the present study explored the impact of goal failure on subsequent cognitive and physical task performance. Furthermore, we examined if the autonomous or controlled motivation underpinning goal striving moderates the responses to goal failure. Athletes (75 male, 59 female, Mage = 19.90 years, SDage = 3.50) completed a cycling trial with the goal of covering a given distance in 8 min. Prior to the trial, their motivation was primed using a video. During the trial they were provided with manipulated performance feedback, thus creating conditions of goal success or failure. No differences emerged in the responses to goal failure between the primed motivation or performance feedback conditions. We make recommendations for future research into how individuals can deal with failure in goal striving.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Frontiers in Psychology
Creators: Healy, L.C., Ntoumanis, N., Stewart, B.D. and Duda, J.L.
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Date: 2 July 2015
Volume: 6
ISSN: 1664-1078
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 26 Sep 2017 15:56
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2017 15:56

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