An investigation into domestic energy consumption behaviour and public awareness of renewable energy in Qatar

Al-Marri, W., Al-Habaibeh, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-9867-6011 and Watkins, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-3756-0437, 2018. An investigation into domestic energy consumption behaviour and public awareness of renewable energy in Qatar. Sustainable Cities and Society, 41, pp. 639-646. ISSN 2210-6707

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Governments around the world are trying to find viable solutions for reducing carbon emissions and pollution, one of the primary sources of which is domestic household consumption. Although Qatar is rich in fossil fuel energy resources, there is a strategic drive towards sustainability to decrease energy consumption overall whilst increasing the nation's dependence on clean and renewable energy. One of the areas to enhance sustainability is through reducing and managing the energy demands and habits of domestic users. This research examines the current energy use in Qatar with a view to making recommendations in regard to challenging and improving consumer behaviour in respect to energy efficiency. A mixed methods approach was untaken consisting of both qualitative and quantitative data. Quantitative data was gathered from a wide spread survey of n=410 Qatari based consumers in regard to their energy consumption behaviour, investigating avenues for enabling sustainable behaviour change. The qualitative data was been collected by interviewing a panel of energy experts in Qatar. The purpose of this research study is to gain valuable insight into Qatari residents' energy consumption behaviour and perception of renewable energy and sustainability. The results will help to identify solutions to Qatar's high consumption of electricity per capita. This study has further implications amongst similar nations and states to address energy consumptions where there is a natural abundance of fossil fuel energy resources. This study has found that users' education and awareness of the environmental impact is dependent on efficient energy monitoring and usage. However, due to the presence of energy subsidies in Qatar, citizens are not inclined to modify their energy consumption behaviour through economic means. This suggests that a greater awareness of the effects of excessive energy use is required through sustainability education to motivate behaviour change. The results of this study were analysed using self-determination and hierarchal needs theories, indicating that education and public engagement and awareness are the best options for domestic energy conservation in Qatar.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Sustainable Cities and Society
Creators: Al-Marri, W., Al-Habaibeh, A. and Watkins, M.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 2018
Volume: 41
ISSN: 2210-6707
Divisions: Schools > School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 19 Jun 2018 11:37
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2019 03:00

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