Interactions between metal oxides and biomolecules: from fundamental understanding to applications

Limo, M.J., Sola-Rabada, A., Boix, E., Thota, V., Westcott, Z.C. ORCID: 0000-0003-0551-7060, Puddu, V. ORCID: 0000-0001-5079-5508 and Perry, C.C. ORCID: 0000-0003-1517-468X, 2018. Interactions between metal oxides and biomolecules: from fundamental understanding to applications. Chemical Reviews, 118 (22), pp. 11118-11193. ISSN 0009-2665


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Metallo-oxide (MO) based bioinorganic nanocomposites promise unique structures, physico-chemical properties and novel bio-chemical functionalities and within the last decade, investment in research on materials such as ZnO, TiO2, SiO2 and GeO2 has significantly increased. Besides traditional approaches, the synthesis, shaping, structural patterning and post-processing chemical functionalization of the materials surface is inspired by strategies which mimic processes in nature. Would such materials deliver new technologies? Answering this question requires the merging of historical knowledge and current research from different fields of science. Practically, we need an effective defragmentation of the research area. From our perspective, the superficial accounting of material properties, chemistry of the surfaces and the behaviour of biomolecules next to such surfaces is a problem. This is particularly of concern when we wish to bridge between technologies in vitro and biotechnologies in vivo. Further, besides the potential practical technological efficiency and advantages such materials might exhibit, we have to consider the wider long-term implications of material stability and toxicity. In this contribution we present a critical review of recent advances in the chemistry and engineering of MO based biocomposites highlighting the role of interactions at the interface and the techniques by which these can be studied. At the end of the article we outline the challenges which hamper progress in research and extrapolate to developing and promising directions including additive manufacturing and synthetic biology that could benefit from molecular level understanding of interactions occurring between inanimate (abiotic) and living (biotic) materials.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Chemical Reviews
Creators: Limo, M.J., Sola-Rabada, A., Boix, E., Thota, V., Westcott, Z.C., Puddu, V. and Perry, C.C.
Publisher: ACS Publications
Date: 2018
Volume: 118
Number: 22
ISSN: 0009-2665
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 11 Oct 2018 09:52
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2018 11:23

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