Forensic voice discrimination: the effect of speech type and background noise on performance

Smith, H.M.J. ORCID: 0000-0003-2712-5527, Baguley, T.S. ORCID: 0000-0002-0477-2492, Robson, J. ORCID: 0000-0002-7649-2457, Dunn, A.K. ORCID: 0000-0003-3226-1734 and Stacey, P.C. ORCID: 0000-0002-6018-8979, 2018. Forensic voice discrimination: the effect of speech type and background noise on performance. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 33 (2), pp. 272-287. ISSN 0888-4080

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In forensic settings, lay (non‐expert) listeners may be required to compare voice samples for identity. In two experiments we investigated the effect of background noise and variations in speaking style on performance. In each trial, participants heard two recordings, responded whether the voices belonged to the same person, and provided a confidence rating. In Experiment 1, the first recording featured read speech, while the second featured read or spontaneous speech. Both recordings were presented in quiet, or with background noise. Accuracy was highest when recordings featured the same speaking style. In Experiment 2, background noise either occurred in the first or second recording. Accuracy was higher when it occurred in the second. The overall results reveal that both speaking style and background noise can disrupt accuracy. Whilst there is a relationship between confidence and accuracy in all conditions, it is variable. The forensic implications of these findings are discussed.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Forensic voice discrimination [running head]
Publication Title: Applied Cognitive Psychology
Creators: Smith, H.M.J., Baguley, T.S., Robson, J., Dunn, A.K. and Stacey, P.C.
Publisher: John Wiley
Date: 2018
Volume: 33
Number: 2
ISSN: 0888-4080
Divisions: Schools > Nottingham Law School
Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 29 Oct 2018 12:22
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2020 14:24

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