Sensitivity to criticism and praise predicts schizotypy in the non-clinical population: the role of affect and perceived expressed emotion

Premkumar, P. ORCID: 0000-0003-1934-6741, Dunn, A.K. ORCID: 0000-0003-3226-1734, Onwumere, J. and Kuipers, E., 2019. Sensitivity to criticism and praise predicts schizotypy in the non-clinical population: the role of affect and perceived expressed emotion. European Psychiatry, 55, pp. 109-115. ISSN 0924-9338

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Background: Schizotypy represents a cluster of personality traits consisting of magical beliefs, perceptual aberrations, disorganisation, and anhedonia. Schizotypy denotes a vulnerability for psychosis, one reason being psychosocial stress. High expressed emotion (EE), a rating of high criticism, hostility, and emotional over-involvement from a close relative, denotes psychosocial stress and vulnerability to psychosis, and is associated with schizotypy. This study aimed to decipher the relationship of schizotypy to perceived criticism and perceived praise in terms of affect and perceived EE.

Methods: Ninety-eight healthy participants listened to short audio-clips containing criticism, praise, and neutral comments from a stranger, and evaluated them in terms of the comments' arousal and personal relevance. Participants also answered self-report questionnaires of schizotypy, depression, mood, and perceived EE. Correlational analyses tested the relationship between schizotypy and the evaluations of criticism and praise. Mediation analyses then tested whether depression, positive mood, and perceived EE explained these relationships.

Results: Greater relevance of standard criticism correlated with higher positive schizotypy. This association was fully mediated by high depression and perceived irritability from a close relative. Lower personal relevance of standard praise correlated with higher cognitive disorganisation (another schizotypal trait). This relationship was partially mediated by low positive mood and high perceived intrusiveness from a close relative.

Conclusion: Greater perceived criticism and lower perceived praise predict schizotypy in the healthy population. Affect and interpersonal sensitivity towards a close relative explain these relationships, such that depression increases perceived criticism, while positive mood increases perceived praise. Perceived EE defines the interpersonal nature of schizotypy.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Schizotypy and evaluation of criticism and praise [running head]
Publication Title: European Psychiatry
Creators: Premkumar, P., Dunn, A.K., Onwumere, J. and Kuipers, E.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: January 2019
Volume: 55
ISSN: 0924-9338
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 07 Nov 2018 14:54
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2019 03:00

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