The study of applying heat to enhance moisture transfer in knitted spacer structures

Mbise, E., Dias, T. ORCID: 0000-0002-3533-0398, Hurley, W. ORCID: 0000-0003-0521-7156 and Morris, R. ORCID: 0000-0001-5511-3457, 2018. The study of applying heat to enhance moisture transfer in knitted spacer structures. Journal of Industrial Textiles, 47 (7), pp. 1584-1608. ISSN 1528-0837

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The aim of the article is to report the research of the Advanced Textiles Research Group on the application of heat to enhance the moisture transmission in knitted spacer structures. The current trend in the design and development of moisture management textiles is to use knitted spacer structures. Generally, in moisture management textiles, the moisture is transmitted through the fabric due to capillary forces, which are influenced by the hydrostatic pressure difference between the two fabric layers and the geometry and the dimensions of the capillaries of the sandwiched fibre layer of a knitted spacer structures. However, the hydrostatic pressure difference is also influenced by the outer environmental changes. The research has demonstrated that the moisture transfer rate of up to 30% per 100 cm2 of fabric area can be achieved by creating a temperature gradient between the two layers of a knitted spacer structures. This temperature gradient was achieved by application of heat at one layer of the knitted spacer structures, which influenced the hydrostatic pressure difference of the knitted spacer structures. Application of heat to the knitted spacer structures was achieved by knitting small heater elements on side of knitted spacer structures to create an active moisture management structure. Wash tests, temperature rise rates and moisture wettability experiments of the active moisture management structure were performed, and the results are discussed in the publication.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Industrial Textiles
Creators: Mbise, E., Dias, T., Hurley, W. and Morris, R.
Publisher: Sage
Date: 1 March 2018
Volume: 47
Number: 7
ISSN: 1528-0837
Divisions: Schools > School of Art and Design
Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 09 Nov 2018 10:40
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2018 10:40

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