The unidirectional relationship of nightmares on self-harmful thoughts and behaviors

Hochard, K.D., Heym, N. ORCID: 0000-0003-2414-8854 and Townsend, E., 2015. The unidirectional relationship of nightmares on self-harmful thoughts and behaviors. Dreaming, 25 (1), pp. 44-58. ISSN 1053-0797


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Understanding the direction of the predictive relationship between nightmares and suicidal behaviors is important to model its underlying mechanisms. We examine the direction of this relationship and the mediating role of negative affect. A fixed interval diary study obtained pre-sleep and post-sleep measures of affect, nightmares, and self-harmful thoughts and behaviors (SHTBs) from 72 university students (88.9% female). The results show predictive utility of nightmares on SHTBs - indicating a fourfold increased risk of SHTBs. Additionally, results support the suggestion of a unidirectional predictive influence (of nightmares on likelihood of SHTBs but not vice versa). Moreover, postsleep negative affect partially mediated the relationship between nightmares and postsleep SHTBs. This empirically validates assumptions of directionality for future models.

Item Type: Journal article
Alternative Title: Nightmares on self-harm [running title]
Publication Title: Dreaming
Creators: Hochard, K.D., Heym, N. and Townsend, E.
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Place of Publication: Washington, DC
Date: 2015
Volume: 25
Number: 1
ISSN: 1053-0797
Rights: ©2015 American Psychological Association
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:50
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:11

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