Intimate exclusions from the REDD+ forests of Sungai Lamandau, Indonesia

Howson, P. ORCID: 0000-0002-3731-2775, 2017. Intimate exclusions from the REDD+ forests of Sungai Lamandau, Indonesia. Conservation & Society, 15 (2), pp. 125-135. ISSN 0972-4923

12663_Howson.pdf - Published version

Download (668kB) | Preview


Due to land-use conversions for palm oil, mining and other extractive industries, Indonesia remains the largest contributor of greenhouse gases from primary forest loss in the world. Nowhere are solutions to large-scale forest loss more urgently required. To reverse the trend, the Government of Indonesia is banking on carbon market mechanisms like the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) programme. REDD+ is designed to enable the provision of economic compensations to protect forests by making them more valuable standing than cut down. The Sungai Lamandau REDD+ demonstration activity is unique in Indonesia as the first REDD+ project officially proposed by a community group upon land they hope to manage autonomously. Despite the project’s ‘bottom-up’ architecture, for some, access to Sungai Lamandau’s REDD+ benefits remain exclusive. These exclusions are not only something imposed by powerful external actors, but has emerged endogenously, through the everyday functioning of gendered market relations, and community-based socio-environmental and ethno-territorial movements. This paper adopts a feminist-inspired intimacy-geopolitics to explore the nuanced powers of exclusion used by Sungai Lamandau’s farmers to access the project’s non-monetary REDD+ benefits. The paper focuses on ‘intimate exclusions’ – everyday processes of accumulation and dispossession among villagers and small-holders. In doing so, it highlights the hazards of developing REDD+ projects structured with limited sympathy for marginalised actors. Although the seemingly ‘inclusive’ benefits sharing structure attracted excellent ethical carbon credit ratings, the project still failed to address (and even exacerbated) existing inequalities – a root cause of Sungai Lamandau’s forest degradation.

Item Type: Journal article
Description: In: Special Section: The Green Economy in the South.
Publication Title: Conservation & Society
Creators: Howson, P.
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Date: 2017
Volume: 15
Number: 2
ISSN: 0972-4923
204071Publisher Item Identifier
Rights: Copyright: © Howson 2016. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use and distribution of the article, provided the original work is cited. Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow, Mumbai. Managed by the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE), Bangalore. For reprints contact:
Divisions: Schools > School of Arts and Humanities
Record created by: Jill Tomkinson
Date Added: 21 Nov 2018 14:35
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2019 13:28

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View


Views per month over past year


Downloads per month over past year