Molecular expression and immunotherapeutic potential of the novel tumour associated antigen T21

Malhi, S.K., 2013. Molecular expression and immunotherapeutic potential of the novel tumour associated antigen T21. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.


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The application of immunotherapeutic approaches to target tumour cells by harnessing the body’s most important defence the immune system, could provide opportunities to oppose cancer. A prerequisite of tumour immunotherapy lies in the identification of antigens that are distinctively expressed in cancer and can elicit immune responses in the tumour-bearing host. Testis clone 21 (T21) was first identified as a promising prostate-associated tumour antigen identified using modified SEREX expression cloning showing restricted protein expression to normal testis and prostate, breast, kidney, ovary, melanoma, colon and stomach cancer among others. More recently, T21 was found to share significant sequence similarity with a centrosomal protein called CEP290. This study proposed to address the current understanding of T21 through analysis of gene sequence similarities observed with CEP290 and begin to extrapolate possible functional attributes of T21 and the role it may play in cancer progression. Furthermore this investigation aimed to evaluate T21 as a prospective prognostic indicator of prostate cancer and in addition, investigate T21 as a potential target for immunotherapy. In silico sequence analysis revealed that T21 contained a 93bp region, a consequence of an alternative splicing event resulting in the retention of a CEP290 intronic region making its translation to protein unique. This finding was supported by experimental observations using PCR and northern blotting. Using this T21 “unique region” sequence, T21 mRNA and protein was shown to be expressed in some normal tissues including prostate, stomach and spinal cord when compared to testis therefore T21 cannot be considered a cancer testis antigen as previously suggested.

Item Type: Thesis
Creators: Malhi, S.K.
Date: 2013
Rights: This work is the intellectual property of the author, and may also be owned by the research sponsor(s) and/or Nottingham Trent University. You may copy up to 5% of this work for private study, or personal, non-commercial research. Any re-use of the information contained within this document should be fully referenced, quoting the author, title, university, degree level and pagination. Queries or requests for any other use, or if a more substantial copy is required, should be directed in the owner(s) of the Intellectual Property Rights.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:36
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2015 09:36

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