The role of childhood emotional maltreatment and body image dissatisfaction in problematic smartphone use among adolescents

Emirtekin, E., Balta, S., Sural, İ., Kircaburun, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-8678-9078, Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Billieux, J., 2019. The role of childhood emotional maltreatment and body image dissatisfaction in problematic smartphone use among adolescents. Psychiatry Research, 271, pp. 634-639. ISSN 0165-1781

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Growing empirical evidence has identified specific psychological and contextual risk factors associated with problematic smartphone use (PSU). However, the potential direct and indirect impact of childhood emotional maltreatment (CEM) on PSU remains largely unexplored, despite the established role of CEM in the onset of other excessive, problematic, and addictive behaviors. Consequently, the purpose of the present study was to test the direct and indirect relationships of emotional abuse and neglect (two facets of CEM) with PSU via specific mediational pathways including body image dissatisfaction (BID), social anxiety, and depression. The sample comprised 443 adolescents who completed a questionnaire that included assessment tools of aforementioned variables. Multiple mediation model results indicated that CEM was directly and indirectly associated with PSU via BID, depression, BID-related depression, and BID-related social anxiety. Results suggested that emotionally traumatic experiences were associated with PSU in adolescents and that this relationship may partially be explained by BID and psychosocial risk factors. The present study draws caution to the amplifying roles of CEM and BID on increased PSU. The results of the study have important clinical and public health implications, but additional research is needed before interventions can be developed and implemented on the basis of present results.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Psychiatry Research
Creators: Emirtekin, E., Balta, S., Sural, İ., Kircaburun, K., Griffiths, M.D. and Billieux, J.
Publisher: Elsevier Ireland
Date: January 2019
Volume: 271
ISSN: 0165-1781
S0165178118318535Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 03 Jan 2019 15:12
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2021 11:26

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