Defining reward value by cross-modal scaling

Casey, A.H., Silberberg, A., Paukner, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-3421-1864 and Suomi, S.J., 2014. Defining reward value by cross-modal scaling. Animal Cognition, 17 (2), pp. 177-183. ISSN 1435-9448

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Researchers in comparative psychology often use different food rewards in their studies, with food values defined by a pre-experimental preference test. While this technique rank orders food values, it provides limited information about value differences because preferences may reflect not only value differences, but also the degree to which one good may “substitute” for another (e.g., one food may substitute well for another food, but neither substitutes well for water). We propose scaling the value of food pairs by a third food that is less substitutable for either food offered in preference tests (cross-modal scaling). Here, Cebus monkeys chose between four pairwise alternatives: fruits A versus B; cereal amount X versus fruit A and cereal amount Y versus fruit B where X and Y were adjusted to produce indifference between each cereal amount and each fruit; and cereal amounts X versus Y. When choice was between perfect substitutes (different cereal amounts), preferences were nearly absolute; so too when choice was between close substitutes (fruits); however, when choice was between fruits and cereal amounts, preferences were more modest and less likely due to substitutability. These results suggest that scaling between-good value differences in terms of a third, less-substitutable good may be better than simple preference tests in defining between-good value differences.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Animal Cognition
Creators: Casey, A.H., Silberberg, A., Paukner, A. and Suomi, S.J.
Date: 2014
Volume: 17
Number: 2
ISSN: 1435-9448
650Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 24 Jan 2019 16:56
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2019 13:46

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