Increasing the uptake of bowel cancer screening in BME communities in Nottingham city: a qualitative study

Pandya-Wood, J. ORCID: 0000-0002-1193-0938, Sandhu, J. and Gibson, L. ORCID: 0000-0002-1220-8680, 2015. Increasing the uptake of bowel cancer screening in BME communities in Nottingham city: a qualitative study. Nottingham: Nottingham City NHS Clinical Commissioning Group.

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Bowel cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the UK. In 2011, there were 15,659 bowel cancer deaths recorded: 7,139 women and 8,520 men (Cancer Research UK, 2014). In women it is the second most common cancer after breast cancer; for men, it is the third most common after prostate and lung cancers. More than 8 out of 10 bowel cancers are diagnosed in people aged 60 or over.

Bowel cancer is a predominantly curable disease, especially when it is caught in its early stages (Beating Bowel Cancer, 2012). The mortality rates of bowel cancer have been falling in the UK over the past few decades. The mortality rate for women more than halved over a period of 40 years, falling from 26 deaths per 100,000 people in 1971 to 12.6 deaths per 100,000 in 2011. This figure increased slightly in 2012 to 13.0 deaths per 100,000. The rate for men has also shown a significant decline, with 33.5 deaths occurring per 100,000 in 1971 falling to 20.3 deaths in 2011 (20.5 in 2012). (Cancer Research UK, 2014).

The NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme (BCSP) rolled out a nationwide campaign to screen the population aged between 60 and 74 every two years, with those over this age group able to obtain home screening kits. Screening for bowel cancer is a test designed to be done at home, in an attempt to make the perceived unpleasant nature of the process as agreeable as possible. People are sent a kit in the post that requires them to add faecal samples and then send back for laboratory testing; this is called a faecal occult blood test (FOBt). There are, however, limitations surrounding the engagement of certain community groups in the uptake of screening for cancer, and perhaps more so where there is active engagement required. These groups of people include black and minority ethnic (BME) groups, those facing social and economical deprivation and men.

In the UK and many other countries globally, there are initiatives and campaigns to help raise awareness of bowel cancer screening in the community; these are run both in collaboration with governments and by charities and advocacy groups. Extensive work has been done surrounding the identification of barriers faced by individuals and to identify the ways to breakdown these obstacles and encourage more people to take part in the possible life-saving process.

Item Type: Research report for external body
Description: The study was undertaken between March 2014 and May 2015 with c3 Collaborating for Health.
Creators: Pandya-Wood, J., Sandhu, J. and Gibson, L.
Corporate Creators: c3 Collaborating for Health
Publisher: Nottingham City NHS Clinical Commissioning Group
Place of Publication: Nottingham
Date: 2015
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 18 Mar 2019 09:22
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2019 09:34

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