Desiccation resistance and persistence of Cronobacter species in infant formula

Osaili, T. and Forsythe, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-6709-0712, 2009. Desiccation resistance and persistence of Cronobacter species in infant formula. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 136 (2), pp. 214-220. ISSN 0168-1605

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Cronobacter is a newly described genus which includes opportunistic pathogens formerly known as ‘Enterobacter sakazakii’. These organisms have been isolated from a wide variety of sources, including powdered infant formula (PIF). This review focuses on the desiccation survival of Cronobacter, and its relevance to vehicles of infection. Due to its probable natural habitat of plant material, the organism has an array of survival mechanisms which includes resistance to desiccation and osmotic stresses. The organism can survive for long periods of time (> 2 years) in the desiccated state, and can be recovered from a large number of powdered foods in addition to powdered infant formula. On reconstitution, the organism may rapidly multiply and present a risk to immunocompromised infants. It is expected that an improved understanding of the nature of Cronobacter persistence may aid in further improved control measures and eliminate the bacterium from the critical food production environments.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Creators: Osaili, T. and Forsythe, S.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 2009
Volume: 136
Number: 2
ISSN: 0168-1605
Rights: Copyright © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:50
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 13:12

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