Biomolecular engineered sensors for diagnostic applications

Marti Villalba, M., 2009. Biomolecular engineered sensors for diagnostic applications. PhD, Nottingham Trent University.


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Electrochemistry is a powerful technique that offers multiple possibilities and which is in constant evolution. Simple modifications of the electrode surface can result in an improvement of the selectivity and sensitivity of the method. However some situations require more complex modifications such as the incorporation of an external agent to the electrode surface, or within the actual electrode. This thesis describes the development and characterization of a range of novel electrochemical sensors for multiple applications covering agri-food, biomedical and environmental contexts. The foundations of the approach rest upon the development of carbon-loaded polycarbonate composite films. Their fabrication is described and the ease with which they can be modified and physically adapted is highlighted and critically evaluated. The response of the resulting sensors have been validated against conventional techniques.

An overview of the technologies employing carbon electrodes is presented in Chapter 1 and serves to set the context of the subsequent research. The various methodologies employed are outlined in Chapter 2. Preliminary modifications of the analytical process has evolved from the ex situ functionalisation of the conventional carbon electrodes with copper (Chapter 3) through to the examination of the versatility and complexities of sample pre-treatment (Chapter 4). The pre-treatment of the sample using naphthoquinones as labeling agents has been developed and this work was extended to examine a wholly new derivatisation agent which could have analytical and clinical/veterinary diagnostic merit. A new direction was sought to overcome the limitations of the conventional analytical approach and composite systems were envisaged as providing an accessible yet flexible method of developing electrochemical sensors for discrete probe and flow systems. The basic procedure has been characterization and optimized for a range of analytes such as neurotransmitters (Chapter 5), anti-oxidants (Chapter 6), purine metabolites (Chapter 8) and phosphate (Chapter 9). Each chapter highlights a different aspect and applicability of the composite and go from simple physical surface modification (Chapter 5) to the incorporation of chemical agents (Chapter 6) and more complex systems such as enzymes (Chapters 8 and 9).

Item Type: Thesis
Creators: Marti Villalba, M.
Date: 2009
ISBN: 9781369314373
Rights: This work is the intellectual property of the author, and may also be owned by the research sponsor(s) and / or Nottingham Trent University. You may copy up to 5% of this work for private study, or personal, non commercial research. Any re-use of the information contained within this document should be fully referenced, quoting the author, title, university, degree level and pagination. Queries or requests for any other use, or if a more substantial copy is required, should be directed in the first instance to the author.
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: EPrints Services
Date Added: 09 Oct 2015 09:36
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2020 11:13

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