Can a "pre-worn" bearing surface geometry reduce the wear of metal-on-metal hip replacements? – A numerical wear simulation study

Gao, L. ORCID: 0000-0002-3738-3573, Hua, Z. and Hewson, R., 2018. Can a "pre-worn" bearing surface geometry reduce the wear of metal-on-metal hip replacements? – A numerical wear simulation study. Wear, 406-40, pp. 13-21. ISSN 0043-1648

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Total Hip Replacement (THR) is generally a highly successful treatment for late stage hip joint diseases and wear, however, wear continues to be one of the major causes of metal-on-metal THR's failure. Hip replacements typically experience a two-stage wear; a higher initial wear rate in the beginning followed by a lower steady-state one with the surface profile changed. This alludes to the potential use of a cup with a non-spherical interior cavity with an initial geometry similar to a worn surface which may benefit from lower wear rate. In this paper wear is numerically simulated with a cup having a non-spherical geometry inspired by the initial stage of wear.
A wear model was recently developed by the authors for the THR, which considered the lubricated contact in both elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) and mixed lubrication regime, rather than a dry contact used in most of other studies of wear modelling in the academic literature. In this study the wear model has been updated by introducing the 'λ ratio' (the ratio of film thickness to surface roughness) and addressing the non-Newtonian shear-thinning properties of the synovial fluid. This wear model was able to describe the non-linear wear evolution process due to the change of worn profiles. Firstly the wear of a spherical hip joint was simulated until a steady-state wear rate is achieved. Then a non-spherical joint was proposed in which the cup bearing geometry was generated by the previously predicted worn profile from the spherical joint. At last the wear of this "pre-worn" hip bearing was simulated and compared to the spherical one. Approximately 40% reduction in the steady-state wear rate and 50% in the total accumulated wear has been observed in the non-spherical hip joint. This study presented a full numerical analysis of the relationship between lubrication, wear reduction and the geometry change, and quantitatively suggested the optimal geometry to reduce running-in wear.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Wear
Creators: Gao, L., Hua, Z. and Hewson, R.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 15 July 2018
Volume: 406-40
ISSN: 0043-1648
S0043164817315041Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 17 Jun 2019 13:37
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2022 11:27

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