The mediating effect of motivations between psychiatric distress and gaming disorder among esport gamers and recreational gamers

Bányai, F., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Demetrovics, Z. and Király, O., 2019. The mediating effect of motivations between psychiatric distress and gaming disorder among esport gamers and recreational gamers. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 94: 152117. ISSN 0010-440X

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Research examining the relationship between gaming disorder, gaming motivations, and mental health is increasing, but the types of gaming use, such as recreational gaming and esports are not commonly distinguished. The present study compared recreational gamers and esport gamers (N = 4284) on a number of variables including game time, gaming motivations, severity of gaming disorder, and psychiatric symptoms. Additionally, the mediating effect of gaming motivations among esport and recreational gamers between psychiatric distress and problematic gaming was examined. Results showed that esport gamers spent significantly more time playing video games both on weekdays and weekend days than recreational gamers. Moreover, esport gamers had higher scores on social, competition, and skill development gaming motivations than recreational gamers. The mediation model demonstrated a significant positive direct and significant mediated effect via escapism (i.e., gaming excessively to avoid real life problems) between the higher levels of psychiatric distress and gaming disorder. However, esport and recreational gamers showed no significant differences in the model. The escapism motive appeared to be the common predictor of problematic gaming among both esport and recreational gamers. Future studies should focus on exploring escapism's mechanism in different subgroups of gamers in relation to problematic gaming to help the development of prevention, intervention, and treatment programs.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Creators: Bányai, F., Griffiths, M.D., Demetrovics, Z. and Király, O.
Date: October 2019
Volume: 94
ISSN: 0010-440X
S0010440X19300409Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Jonathan Gallacher
Date Added: 27 Aug 2019 09:11
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2019 09:11

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