Electronic textiles based wearable electrotherapy for pain relief

Liu, M., Ward, T., Young, D., Matos, H., Wei, Y. ORCID: 0000-0001-6195-8595, Adams, J. and Yang, K., 2019. Electronic textiles based wearable electrotherapy for pain relief. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. ISSN 0924-4247

1238851_Wei.pdf - Post-print

Download (609kB) | Preview


Electrotherapy is a common therapeutic treatment used to provide pain relief. The device delivers a mild level of current via electrodes positioned on the skin to interfere with the pain signal and stimulate the release of the body’s own natural painkiller to reduce the pain. This paper presents the materials and fabrication methods used to manufacture a textile based wearable electronic textile (e-textile) with electrodes embedded for joint pain relief. The electrode is made by three functional layers including textile layer, conductive layer, and electrode layer. An electronic control has been developed to deliver interferential therapy. The e-sleeve has been designed and developed alongside patient and public input and tested on six volunteers with self-reported knee joint pain. Four out of six volunteers reported noticeable pain reduction on using the e-textile. The wearable e-textile demonstrated no adverse effects and pilot evidence suggests this has the potential to be a comfortable and easy to use solution for pain relief for people living with osteoarthritis knee joint pain.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical
Creators: Liu, M., Ward, T., Young, D., Matos, H., Wei, Y., Adams, J. and Yang, K.
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 10 November 2019
ISSN: 0924-4247
S0924424719314190Publisher Item Identifier
Divisions: Schools > School of Science and Technology
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 21 Nov 2019 09:50
Last Modified: 31 May 2021 15:14
URI: https://irep.ntu.ac.uk/id/eprint/38418

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View


Views per month over past year


Downloads per month over past year