Age-related differences in postural adjustments during limb movement and motor imagery in young and older adults

Wider, C. ORCID: 0000-0001-8531-1024, Mitra, S. ORCID: 0000-0001-7620-4809, Andrews, M. ORCID: 0000-0001-7499-9521 and Boulton, H. ORCID: 0000-0003-1919-9243, 2020. Age-related differences in postural adjustments during limb movement and motor imagery in young and older adults. Experimental Brain Research, 238 (4), pp. 771-787. ISSN 0014-4819

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Recent research has shown that systematic postural adjustments occur during periods of manual motor imagery (MI), but the timing (anticipatory or reactive) and directionality (against or in the direction of arm extension) of these postural motions relative to individual manual actions or imagery are not well understood. This study analyzed the anteroposterior hip and head motion of healthy young and older participants while they imagined bilateral arm raises under self-initiated or environmentally triggered performance conditions. When MI was self-initiated, both age groups showed significant forward postural motion during the second prior to MI initiation. When MI (or physical arm movement) was environmentally triggered, however, older people did not show anticipatory forward postural motion, but did show compensatory backward head motion. These results suggest that manual MI is indeed accompanied by anticipatory postural motion, but this anticipation is attenuated in older people when they do not have control over the timing of manual movement onset.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Experimental Brain Research
Creators: Wider, C., Mitra, S., Andrews, M. and Boulton, H.
Publisher: Springer
Date: April 2020
Volume: 238
Number: 4
ISSN: 0014-4819
Rights: © The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 12 Feb 2020 09:38
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2021 14:28

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