Personality factors in exercise addiction: a pilot study exploring the role of narcissism, extraversion, and agreeableness

Cook, R.H., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524 and Pontes, H.M. ORCID: 0000-0001-8020-7623, 2020. Personality factors in exercise addiction: a pilot study exploring the role of narcissism, extraversion, and agreeableness. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 18 (1), pp. 89-102. ISSN 1557-1874

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Despite the increased evidence and acceptance of exercise being classed as a behavioral addiction, there is limited research examining personality characteristics within exercise addicts. The purpose of this study was to examine three personality traits (narcissism, extraversion, and agreeableness) and to examine their role in exercise addiction. The sample comprised 114 voluntary participants (74 females and 40 males) who completed the (i) Exercise Addiction Inventory, (ii) Narcissistic Personality Inventory, and (iii) Ten-Item Personality Inventory, as well as demographic questions and questions concerning their engagement and intensity levels of exercise. Results indicated a low incidence of individuals who were classed as at risk of exercise addiction (7%), but a high incidence of symptomatic individuals (75%). Results suggested that extraversion and narcissism may be underlying factors in exercise addiction with no effect for agreeableness. Exercise engagement and intensity were also related to exercise addiction. Further research examining the relationship between personality types and exercise addiction may be useful in identifying individuals at risk for developing exercise addiction.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Creators: Cook, R.H., Griffiths, M.D. and Pontes, H.M.
Publisher: Springer
Date: February 2020
Volume: 18
Number: 1
ISSN: 1557-1874
Rights: Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 23 Mar 2020 09:43
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2020 09:43

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