Parent-adolescent attachment and peer attachment associated with Internet Gaming Disorder: a longitudinal study of first-year undergraduate students

Teng, Z., Griffiths, M.D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8880-6524, Nie, Q., Xiang, G. and Guo, C., 2020. Parent-adolescent attachment and peer attachment associated with Internet Gaming Disorder: a longitudinal study of first-year undergraduate students. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 9 (1), pp. 116-128. ISSN 2062-5871

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Background and aims: Given that Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has tentatively been included in DSM-5 as a psychiatric disorder, it is important that the effect of parental and peer attachment in the development of IGD is further explored.

Methods: Utilizing a longitudinal design, this study investigated the bidirectional association between perceived Q1 parent-adolescent attachment, peer attachment, and IGD among 1,054 first-year undergraduate students (58.8% female). The students provided demographic information (e.g., age, gender) and were assessed using the nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale and the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment. Assessments occurred three times, six months apart (October 2017; April 2018; October 2018).

Results: Cross-lagged panel models suggested that IGD weakly predicted subsequent mother attachment but significantly negatively predicted father attachment. However, father and mother attachment could not predict subsequent IGD. Moreover, peer attachment has bidirectional association with IGD. Further, the model also demonstrated stable crosssectional negative correlations between attachment and IGD across all three assessments.

Discussion and conclusions: The findings of the present study did not show a bidirectional association between parental attachment and IGD, but they did show a negative bidirectional association between peer attachment and IGD. The results suggested previous cross-sectional associations between IGD and attachment, with larger links among males than females at the first measurement point. We found that peer attachment could negatively predict subsequent IGD, which indicates that peer attachment plays an important role in preventing addictive gaming behaviors for university students.

Item Type: Journal article
Publication Title: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Creators: Teng, Z., Griffiths, M.D., Nie, Q., Xiang, G. and Guo, C.
Publisher: Akadémiai Kiadó
Date: 7 April 2020
Volume: 9
Number: 1
ISSN: 2062-5871
Rights: Copyright Akadémiai Kiadó
Divisions: Schools > School of Social Sciences
Record created by: Linda Sullivan
Date Added: 01 Apr 2020 15:03
Last Modified: 29 May 2020 11:50

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